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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex42\expndtw39\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 t *}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 270         RELIGION : RELIGIOUS BENEFACTIONS}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi0\ri7\sb227\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 by schisms and subsequent corruptions in the \i Samgha, \i0\expndtw1 Besides, the worship of the images of the Buddha and \expndtw3 Bodhisattvas, the growth of its pantheon, the introduc\-\expndtw0 tion of ceremonial solemnities and religious processions, \expndtw5 carried Buddhism so far away from its pristine purity \expndtw1 that to the ordinary man it became almost indistinguish\-\expndtw8 able from the popular phase of Hinduism. Thus the \expndtw6 stage was well set for its eventual absorption by the \expndtw3 latter. Even in modern times we see a striking illustra\-tion of this process of assimilation in Nepal, where, as \expndtw2 Dr. Vincem Smith points out, "the octopus of Hinduism \expndtw4 is slowly strangling its Buddhist victim."\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li32\fi482\ri0\sb727\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The .-.ascriptions testify also to the prevalence of \expndtw7 Jiiinism, though it did not rise into prominence on \expndtw6 account, of its severe discipline and lack of royal \expndtw1 patronage. There appears to have been a commendable \expndtw3 concord between it and other religions. For a certain \expndtw0 Madra, who dedicated five statues of the Jain \i Ttrtham-\expndtw-3 ktints, \i0 describes himself as "full of affection for Brahmans \expndtw4 and religious preceptors."\super 2}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1407\margrsxn1030\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4234\fi490\ri40\sb698\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 With a view \i to \i0 gaining happiness and merit both in \expndtw2 this world and the next, the pious generously endowed \expndtw0 free boarding-houses \i (sattras), \i0 and gave gifts of gold or \expndtw-3 village lands \i \\agraharas) \i0 to Brahmans. They evinced their \expndtw1 religious spirit also in the construction of images and temples where out of the interest on permanent deposits \i\expndtw-2 (aksaya-nlv?) \i0 lights were maintained all the year round as}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4630\fi0\ri0\sb328\sa0\tx4752 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw14 E.H.I., \i0 4th ed., p. 382.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4237\fi392\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-230\slmult0\tx4752 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 cf. the Kahaum Stone Pillar Inscription, \i C.I.I., \i0 HI, no. 15,\line \expndtw6 pp. 65-68.    cf. "}\par }